Oral & Craniofacial Tissue Engineering 2 (2012), No. 1 (15.03.2012)
New-Design Dental Implants: A 1-Year Prospective Clinical Study of 344 Consecutively Placed Implants Comparing Immediate Loading Versus Delayed Loading and Flapless Versus Full-Thickness Flap
Meizi, Eliezer / Meir, Mamraev / Laster, Zvi
Purpose: This study compared the 1-year success rates of immediately loaded dental implants to delayed loaded implants, regardless of the surgical technique (flapless or conventional full-thickness flap) and regardless of extraction time. It also examined whether the surgical technique had an influence on the success rate of the immediately loaded implants.
Materials and Methods: A total of 344 dental implants, some with a new expanded winged-thread design, were placed in 155 patients; 53% of the implants were immediately loaded. Of the immediately loaded implants, 68.9% were placed with a flapless surgical technique and 88% were placed in extraction sites. Pocket depth, mobility, bleeding on probing, presence of erythema, pain, or radiolucency around the implants, as well as clinical findings, were recorded. Implants were followed from placement through definitive restoration. Descriptive, univariate, and multivariate analyses using clustered marginal approach of the Cox proportional hazards model were applied.
Results: Of the 344 implants in the study, 10 (2.9%) failures were recorded, 7 of which were immediately loaded; however, there was no significant difference in failure rates between the immediate and delayed loading groups. Seven of the implants that failed were placed with a flapless (extraction site) technique; however, there was no significant difference in the failure rates between the flapless versus full-thickness flap technique in immediately loaded implants.
Conclusions: The clinical success of immediately loaded implants after 1 year showed no difference from the success rate of delayed loaded implants. The implantation procedure (flapless versus conventional flap) or extraction time also had no influence on the success rate of the immediately loaded implants.
Keywords: dental implants, flapless implant placement, immediate loading, implant failure, implant success, open flap